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Panic Attack Symptom

Panic Attack Symptom

A panic attack is a sudden and intense episode of fear and anxiety that can be overwhelming and debilitating. These attacks typically reach their peak within a few minutes and are accompanied by physical and emotional symptoms. Common features of a panic attack include:

Mental Symptoms:

Intense Fear or Dread: A sudden feeling of overwhelming fear, often with a sense of impending doom.
Feeling of Losing Control or Going Crazy: A belief that you’re losing control of yourself or your surroundings.
Difficulty Concentrating: Inability to focus or think clearly due to the intensity of the panic.
Feeling Detached from Reality: A sense of being disconnected from oneself or the world around you.
Fear of Dying: A strong belief that you’re going to die, even though there’s no imminent danger.

Physical Symptoms:

Rapid Heartbeat (Palpitations): Heart racing or pounding in the chest.
Shortness of Breath (Hyperventilation): Difficulty breathing or feeling like you can’t catch your breath.
Chest Pain or Discomfort: Tightness or pain in the chest, often mistaken for a heart attack.
Trembling or Shaking: Hands, legs, or entire body may tremble or shake uncontrollably.
Sweating: Profuse sweating, even when the environment is cool.
Nausea or Upset Stomach: Feeling sick to your stomach or experiencing gastrointestinal discomfort.
Dizziness or Lightheadedness: Feeling faint or like you might pass out.


Genetics: A family history of anxiety or panic disorders can increase the likelihood of experiencing panic attacks.
Stressful Life Events: Traumatic experiences, major life changes, or ongoing stress can trigger panic attacks.
Biological Factors: Imbalances in neurotransmitters or changes in brain function may contribute to panic attacks.
Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders or heart problems, can increase the risk of panic attacks.
Substance Use or Withdrawal: Alcohol, caffeine, and certain drugs can trigger or exacerbate panic attacks.

Treatment Options:

Therapy (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – CBT): CBT helps identify and change thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to panic attacks.
Medications: Antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, and beta-blockers may be prescribed to manage symptoms.
Relaxation Techniques: Deep breathing, mindfulness meditation, and progressive muscle relaxation can help reduce anxiety.
Lifestyle Changes: Regular exercise, healthy diet, adequate sleep, and avoiding stimulants like caffeine and nicotine can help manage symptoms.
Support Groups: Connecting with others who experience similar struggles can provide valuable support and coping strategies.

Example of how we treat Panic Attack:

Treatment for panic attacks typically involves a multifaceted approach aimed at addressing both the immediate symptoms and underlying causes. Here’s an example of how panic attacks is treated at Mind & Mood Clinic, Nagpur

Patient Information:
Name: Sangita
Age: 28
Gender: Female
Chief Complaint: Recurrent panic attacks triggered by social situations.
Sarah presented with a history of recurrent panic attacks, typically triggered by social situations such as crowds or public places. She reported experiencing intense fear, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, and a sense of impending doom during these episodes. Symptoms had been ongoing for the past six months and were significantly impacting her quality of life.


Based on Sarah’s history and symptoms, a diagnosis of panic disorder was made. There were no significant findings on physical examination, ruling out any underlying medical conditions contributing to her symptoms.

Treatment Plan:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): Dr. Rameez Shaikh initiated a course of CBT to address Sarah’s maladaptive thought patterns and behaviors contributing to her panic attacks. Sessions focused on identifying triggers, challenging irrational beliefs, and implementing coping strategies such as relaxation techniques and exposure therapy.
  • Medication Management: Dr. Shaikh prescribed a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) to help alleviate Sarah’s symptoms and prevent future panic attacks. Regular follow-ups were scheduled to monitor medication effectiveness and any potential side effects.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Sarah was advised to incorporate regular exercise, maintain a healthy diet, prioritize adequate sleep, and avoid stimulants like caffeine and nicotine. These lifestyle changes were recommended to complement her treatment plan and promote overall well-being.
  • Support Group Referral: Recognizing the importance of social support, Dr. Shaikh referred Sarah to a local support group for individuals experiencing anxiety disorders. Connecting with others facing similar challenges could provide additional encouragement and validation for Sarah’s journey towards recovery.


Sarah was scheduled for regular follow-up appointments to assess treatment progress, adjust medication as needed, and address any emerging concerns. Dr. Shaikh emphasized the importance of open communication and encouraged Sarah to reach out between appointments if she experienced any worsening of symptoms or had questions about her treatment plan.


With a comprehensive treatment approach combining CBT, medication management, lifestyle modifications, and social support, Sarah’s prognosis for managing her panic disorder is favorable. Dr. Rameez Shaikh remains committed to supporting Sarah throughout her journey towards improved mental health and well-being.

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